The Theory and Practice of Vocational Guidance. A Selection of Readings

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Understand the major theoretical approaches that have guided the practice of career counselling and research. Be familiar with different models of career counselling and interventions, and their application to different client situations in the contexts of the major theoretical approaches. Understand the role of intake and assessment techniques in career counselling including the incorporation of standardized assessment information into practice. Be able to review and understand pertinent research and issues regarding career counselling with particular groups e.

Incorporate knowledge of diversity issues into career counselling practice. It provides the practitioner with a structured framework for mutual learning and a rationale for selecting appropriate practices, which they can use in increasing capacities to navigate both complexities and new opportunities of the current labour market. Individuals starting out in the field and developing their professional identity will appreciate the scope this book offers to inform practice.

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  • The Theory and Practice of Vocational Guidance;
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Researchers across country contexts and disciplines will undoubtedly cite this work as background to their own contributions to the field. Those who advise and make career-related policy would do well to familiarize themselves with this valuable up-to-date guide to the theory and practice underpinning our profession.

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Career Theories and Models: Ideas for Practice has certainly inspired me with interesting ideas on how I could enhance the career counselling assistance I give to my clients in Singapore. I especially appreciate the Case Vignettes which illustrate how clients can be assisted using the different theories and models.

The illustrations facilitate better understanding of the contextualization of these theories and models to assist clients who may not share the culture of the clients usually referred to in other publications. This is another appreciated feature of this book. Great work!

Career Theories and Models at Work: Ideas for Practice is one of the most comprehensive textbooks to guide career development professionals. Drawing from a truly global list of authors, this text provides insights into the evolution and diversity of the field. Chapters cover a full range of topics, from children to athletes to organizational career practice. The highlight of each chapter is the practical tips provided which help bridge the models with the everyday needs of our work.

Subscribe to our updates. English French. Synopsis This edited international collection of contemporary and emerging career development theories and models aims to inform the practice of career development professionals around the globe. Contains 43 chapters on the theories and models that define the practice of career development today Contributors are 60 of the leading career researchers and practitioners from four continents and nine countries: Australia, Canada, England, Finland, India, the Netherlands, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States Featured authors include the original theorists and those who have adapted the work in unique ways to inform career development practice Presented in a reader-friendly format, each chapter includes a Case Vignette that illustrates how a theory or model can be applied in practice, and Practice Points that summarize key takeaways for career practitioners to implement with clients.

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Donald Super's Influence in the United Kingdom | SpringerLink

Thus, guidance is to help us to apply new psychological insights into the nature of the individual. The progress of any society is based on the fact that it becomes essential that every individual should be able to work in accordance with his capacities, possibilities and potentialities. All this reflects not only upon their individual adjustment but on their family life also.

In order to help such individuals, guidance, and counselling becomes quite handy. The social aspect of the guidance programme is so strong that one can never think of it without its social bases as individual is ultimately to be guided for his social adjustments. The fact remains that, it can not be dealt with in details for want of space and time In the perspective of sociology, guidance is considered as a social process under which individuals help one another for the extension of opportunities of the welfare of the society.

Increased industrialisation, consumerism, explosion of knowledge, population explosion, technological advancement, liberalisation, globalisation etc. The explosion of rising expectations has given rise to unprecedented problems of adjustments, which are of a very delicate nature. These problems must be solved satisfactorily to avoid maladjustment and to equip the individual properly and adequately. All these factors necessitate the need for expert guidance to help the person to make his adjustment adequate. However, some of the pertinent social bases of guidance are enlisted below : a Complex Nature of Society Drastic changes have taken place in our entire social, economic and political system.

The process of consumption, production, distribution and exchange has become very complex. We have problems and it has become very difficult for the individual to achieve satisfactory results without the help of guidance. Human energy is to be saved and used for the betterment of society. If people will be left to themselves, the human energy will be wasted. Guidance is based upon the principle of conservation of energy.

Lives are to be spent purposefully and this can be done with the help of guidance. Guidance can conserve this precious human energy. In our population was This has created the problem of schools, national mobility, international mobility, urbanization, language along with mixture of customs and traditions. The national mobility has also created the problem of providing education in different languages as ours is a multilingual country. It poses the problem of adjustment for students whose parents migrate to other states.

However, in some countries, it is contained to a limit and the social fibre is not affected by it. However, in many other countries it crosses limits and creates huge problem for the society. In such a situation, there is an intense need for counselling programme. Thus, there is a strong social base for guidance and counselling programmes in the schools.

It is high time that our country should pay proper attention towards them and save the society from going it to dogs. One of the methods to deal with such problems is to establish a strong guidance service in schools, with trained professionals. There is an urgent need that a strong guidance and counselling programme be established in our social set up so that our youth may not be mislead. It will establish a strong base for national integration, which is deep rooted in our social set-up.

Thus, from the above discussion on the bases of guidance, it is clear that guidance aims at preparing an individual for future life. It helps him to acquire essential abilities and capacities for the tasks to be accomplished in future.

The theory and practice of vocational guidance: a selection of readings

It is not to decide something for him, but to make him wiser to make his own decisions and follow his own path. You have come to know that guidance and counselling are very effectively linked with the democratic way of life, wherein every individual is to be so developed that he is in a position to convert his potentialities into capacities and thus to become a partner in the development of social set-up. In order to play its role in making him wiser to do all this, guidance and counselling needs to have its roots in the philosophy, the psychology and socio- cultural set up of the people.

The above stated essentials have made it clear that guidance and counselling is thus to be helpful in solving problems relating to various relevant areas. Describe the Philosophical bases of Guidance Programme. Discuss the Psychological bases of Guidance Programme 3. Elaborate the Socio-cultural bases of Guidance programme. Prakashan Kendra Lucknow. Introduction 3. History of Guidance Movement in India 3.

History of Guidance Movement in U. Let Us Sum Up 3. Unit End Exercises 3.

Importance of Career Counselling

Suggested Further Readings 3. In the primitive society, guidance was offered to the young by elders in the family and to persons in distress by the family priest.

Career counseling

Guidance - unorganized and informal- has at all places and at all levels been a vital aspect of the educational process. Programmes of organized guidance were undertaken in America towards the close of the nineteenth century. The remarkable progress made during the present century by people in the west in the fields of education, science, arts and industry is, to a large extent, the result of proper organization and utilization of their guidance services.

In the present lesson, we will trace the history of guidance services in India and U. The Panchtantra and Jataka tales are well known for their moral stories, parables and question-answer techniques in learning. Even before the time of Socrates, these were used in India. While in America the guidance movement started as an attempt to fulfill the practical needs of employers and teachers, in India it began as an academic discipline.

Calcutta University has the privilege of introducing the guidance movement in this country. It set up the first Psychological laboratory in India in the year In , a separate section of research in Applied Psychology was opened under the direction of Dr. Bose, the then Head of the Department. This was done with a view to adopting psychological tests prepared in America to suit the Indian conditions and to evolving procedures to satisfy the vocational needs of Indian students.


In Batliboi Vocational Guidance bureau was established in Bombay with the efforts of a retired accountant practicing in Calcutta and Mukerjee, psychologist from Calcutta University. Mehta, its first Director, published the journal of Vocational and Educational Guidance for the first time. The first State Government to take interest was the Uttar Pradesh Government, which officially recognized the guidance movement by setting up a Bureau of Psychology at Allahabad on the recommendation of Acharya Narcndra Deo Committee.

In , the Vocational Guidance Association of Bombay was formed to coordinate the efforts of various individuals and agencies in the field of guidance in Bombay.